P095
Social science perspectives on One Health in Africa

Convenors:
Gilbert Fokou (Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques en Côte d'Ivoire (CSRS))
Constanze Pfeiffer (Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute)
Katharina Heitz Tokpa (Universität Basel)
Chair:
Gilbert Fokou
Discussant:
Hannah Brown
Stream:
Panels
Location:
NB003
Start time:
30 June, 2017 at 16:00
Session slots:
1

Short abstract:

One Health endorses transdisciplinary processes that involve different disciplines as well as non-academic stakeholders. Social meanings, interactions and power relations are central to analyze institutionalized collaborations between medical sciences and social scientists.

Long abstract:

The growing awareness of the need to embark not only in inter- but also transdisciplinary processes to solve complex problems has invigorated the development of One Health. The strength of One Health is the closer cooperation of health sectors and other concerned disciplines. Its transdisciplinary nature involves academic and non-academic actors and aims at initiating an iterative, multilevel process of knowledge construction. Inter- and transdisciplinary research in One Health is still at the beginning, but there are few exceptions where social, natural, and medical sciences as well as members of the society jointly define objectives and approaches. However, many so called "socio-economic" or "socio-cultural" studies on zoonoses are largely questionnaire-based or include Knowledge Attitude Practices (KAP) studies that are often led by veterinarians. Ethnographic descriptions of human-animal interactions in specific local contexts are rare. In addition, documentation and critical analysis of transdisciplinary processes of knowledge constructions and inter-subjectivity in One Health are missing. Social sciences with the potential to analyse different social dynamics, inter-subjectivity and power relations can best contribute to this process. In this panel, we plan to reflect on the contribution of social sciences to the control of zoonotic and environmentally led diseases. We invite papers to consider how human-animal-environment interactions are shaped by social and cultural processes at the interface of rural and urban contexts. What are insights gained so far? What are knowledge gaps?