P050
A bottom-up perspective on military intervention in fragile states

Convenors:
William Reno (Northwestern University)
Nicholas Marsh (Peace Research Institute Oslo)
Øystein H. Rolandsen (Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO))
Format:
Panels
Location:
KH119
Start time:
30 June, 2017 at 14:00
Session slots:
2

Short abstract:

This panel presents contributions on intended and unintended impacts of military interventions in Africa from the perspective of African states and societies.

Long abstract:

Military intervention remains a much used option for African and non-African actors when they address what they perceive to be significant security threats. This intervention ranges from the provision of training and equipment to air strikes and direct deployment of ground forces. Military intervention is used to address a diverse set of issues - from migration to statebuilding to large-scale civil war. Academic research tends to concentrate upon the motivations of the intervenor (i.e., a state, coalition or international organization). There is much less attention to the full range of impacts of interventions within the societies where these occur. The proliferation of interventions and their significant and diverse impacts have sparked an interest in conducting in-depth case studies where the main analytical focus is upon contextual factors and national actors. These studies ask important questions: How do military interventions affect the career mobility of officers in intervening and in local forces? How does intervention shape state capacities to monitor populations? How do interventions influence the organization and political roles of ancillary groups such as militias and vigilantes? How does intervention impact civil-military and state-society relations in areas of operation? Addressing these questions in different African contexts, contributions to this panel will take part in shaping this new research agenda. This panel is inspired by a workshop held at the Peace Research Institute Oslo in August 2016 on military interventions in Africa and is also a CRG Violent Conflict sponsored panel.