Africa is in a homophobic moment that imposes challenges to the LGBTI activist movements. The panel seeks to discuss the organization, dynamics and networks of activist movements, questioning if the political contexts of the PALOP are more likely to include these movements.
The attempt of approval of the Anti-Homosexuality Act in Uganda in 2014 and the persecution and incarceration of LGBTI people in Cameroon also in 2014 are some recent examples of what is considered as a homophobic climbing in Africa. So, the African LGBTI activist movements act, very often, in a very hostile political and social context. However, these movements, acting primarily in urban settings, show surprising forms of diversity and resilience. The homophobia that has been felt with more intensity in Africa sharpens the actions of the LGBTI activisms in the continent. Consequently, these urban settings are perceived in a contradictory way, as spaces of invisibility, security and refuge, but also as spaces of violence. The political landscape in the five Portuguese-Speaking African countries, doesn't include the "state homophobia" as in other African countries. Angola is the only country of the five that still criminalizes sodomy. This doesn't mean that the activist movements work without political and state oppression. The aim of the panel is to discuss the diverse forms of organization, performances, networks, articulations with other organized groups of the civil society and strategies with policy-makers and societies in urban spaces these movements have. This panel is open to receive communications on different disciplinary approaches by researchers and activists on the LGBTI activist movements in Lusophone Africa and beyond.