This panel addresses the debate on changing, i.e. shrinking, shifting, and enlarging spaces for civil society and social movements in Africa. How does social change, notably related to urbanization, affect civil society movements? How do urban and rural movements relate to one another?
This panel addresses the current debate on changing, i.e. shrinking, shifting, and enlarging spaces for civil society, social movements and political protest in Africa . Core questions are: How does social change, notably related to urbanization, affect civil society movements? What are typical urban and rural movements, and how do they relate to one another? In how far are urban elites able to mobilize both the popular classes in the cities and poor people in the countryside? What role do emerging middle classes play for democratic participation and political protest? Both theoretical papers on space, participation and social mobilization, and empirical studies of historical and contemporary civil society, social movements, and mobilization are welcome.