In a world where medical knowledge and technologies are greatly changing, health disparities still exist according to populations and geographical zones. This issue raises the question of the link between biopolitics (the governance of bodies by societies) and the way the actors experience it.
Although medical knowledge and technologies are greatly changing in the world, health disparities still exist according to populations and geographical zones, mainly between the North and the South. This issue raises questions of biopolitics (the governance of bodies by societies) and at the other end the actors' various personal experiences when they are faced with health problems. At another level, considering this discrepancy, one can wonder at what point the ethical issue which social and medical sciences can tackle, may contribute to rethinking this established order consisting in asserting the idea of a sort of global health which tends to contend the absence of such inequalities. If one keeps to the field of sexual and reproductive health, this raises the question namely of women's access to medical care during pregnancy, delivery or the treatment of PMTCT and the question of whole population 's access to medical care.