The goal of this panel is to promote the discussion on contact linguistics, focusing on the phonological, morphological, semantic and syntactic processes that led to the formation of Upper and Gulf of Guinea creoles and to the emergence of new varieties of Portuguese in Africa.
Historical and social factors explain the Portuguese linguistic dynamics in Africa that led to the emergence of new languages and new varieties of Portuguese. In particular, language contact led to the emergence of the Upper Guinea creoles and the Gulf of Guinea creoles in the 15th and 16th century. Furthermore, especially in the 20th century new varieties of Portuguese started emerging and crystallizing in the former Portuguese colonies in Africa. Predicting and understanding the outcomes of language contact is a challenging task that raises a number of questions. What are the principles and mechanisms involved in the dynamics of language contact, what are the features of these new grammars, what consequences do the new languages and/or varieties have for the speaking communities, and what is the role of linguists? With this panel we intend to promote the discussion on contact linguistics, focusing especially on the phonological, morphological, semantic and syntactic processes that led to the formation of Creole languages and to the emergence of new varieties of Portuguese in Africa. The panel also aims to encourage the debate on the social and political challenges that multilingualism and contact situations pose for language planning.