The penal analyses the rush for energy resources in Sub-Saharan Africa, comparing the strategies of major resource seekers and their economic and political impact on the exporting countries. It frames competition and cooperation of old and new players with the multipolarisation of the global order.
Energy output will have to be increased by almost 60 per cent until 2030 in order to meet the projected global demand but energy resources are shrinking: experts predict that peak production of coal, gas and oil will occur in the first half of this century. Sub-Saharan Africa has got much potential for further exploitation of energy resources, ranging from coal in Mozambique and uranium in Namibia to gas and oil along the West African coast. Whilst the global North is a traditional player in the African energy sector, new actors from emerging economies, especially China's state-owned enterprises but also Brazilian, Indian and South African giants, have entered what appears to be a scramble for the energy resources of Sub-Saharan Africa. Although much has been written about China's rush for African resources, the state of research lacks a comparative perspective that addresses other major resource seekers. Papers presented at the panel may address a variety of issues related to the scramble for energy resources in Sub-Saharan Africa: (1.) patterns of competition and cooperation amongst all actors involved; (2.) the distribution of benefits amongst foreign companies, national elites and the local population; (3.) the structural economic impact of the export boom of energy resources and according mega projects upon the concerned countries; (4.) the role of the scramble for Sub-Saharan Africa's energy resources in the current multipolarisation of the global order. The contributions to the panel shall be published in a special issue of a peer-reviewed journal.