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The geopolitical races of science, technology and innovation 
Georgios Kolliarakis (German Council on Foreign Relations)
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Georgios Kolliarakis (German Council on Foreign Relations)
Werner Knapp (Federal Office for Economic Affairs and Export Control (BAFA))
Machiko Kanetake
Combined Format Open Panel

Short Abstract:

This panel aims to address contentious issues of "Research Security", including export controls and academic proliferation of critical emerging technologies, the balance between freedom of research, human-rights due diligence and the future of Science Diplomacy and international collaboration.

Long Abstract:

We have entered a new era of intense global geopolitical competition between the United States and China which is heavily reliant on the strategic use of science, technology, and innovation. Various emerging and converging technologies, including biotechnology, nanotechnology, quantum technologies, space and security technologies, additive manufacturing, and artificial intelligence, play a pivotal role in advancing the majority of the United Nations Sustainability Development Goals, crucial for a state's critical infrastructure and its ability to ensure the well-being of its citizens.

However, these technologies, often referred to as "critical" or "foundational", possess both civil and military applications. This dual-use nature poses a significant risk, as they can unintentionally or intentionally be employed for malicious purposes, such as the development of components for weapons of mass destruction, hybrid warfare, and terrorist attacks.

In this evolving landscape, the field of STS deals with a dual transformation. First, the disruption through the rapid unforeseen advances in emerging and converging technologies, which impacts the geopolitical environment. Second, the reconfiguration of the power-political context, which leads to the securitization of emerging dual-use technology R&D and challenges conventional notions of freedom and openness of research.

This Combined Format Open Panel aims to address the intricate issues referred to as "Knowledge" or "Research Security", encompassing topics such as export controls applied to prevent academic proliferation, Responsible Research and Innovation and human-rights due diligence, the balance between freedom of research and precautions against foreign interference, and the future of Science Diplomacy, international collaboration, and knowledge transfer.

We encourage contributions such as expert roundtables, workshops designed to raise awareness about the increasing politicization of international STI collaborations, as well as multi-stakeholder dialogue sessions involving researchers, science managers, and policymakers.

Submissions are welcomed from both transatlantic (US-EU) perspectives, as well as from emerging technology powers, such as those from BRICS nations.

Accepted contributions:

Session 1