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P062


Opening science: transformations of academic knowledge production and dissemination 
Convenors:
Didier Torny (CNRS)
Quentin Dufour (ENS-EHESS)
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Format:
Traditional Open Panel

Short Abstract:

For many national governments, transnational and international organizations , we are in the age of open science. But, in practice, their injuctions raise many questions for STS scholars. The panel will tackle the multiple implementations of OS and highlight how openness transforms existing issues.

Long Abstract:

For many national governments, transnational and international organizations (Coalition S, European Council, G20, UNESCO...), we have entered the age of open science, conceived as the only way to build sustainable and solid science. Charters, plans, principles,are being produced to define openness policies, from writing research projects to disseminating and preserving data. Every piece of knowledge is affected: methods, software and codes, data of all kinds, publications (books as well as articles) must be in line with this new academic production and dissemination regime.

However, in practice, these injunctions and norms raise many questions for STS scholars. The aim of this panel is first to tackle the multiple implementations of Open Science within the academic world. What is openness? How academic communities concretely define it? What are the transformed and the unchanged practices? What conflicts and controversies do openness entail, following which kind of moral economy? How is dissemination of results and data changed in this context?

Second, the aim of this panel is to highlight how openness transforms existing academic issues. How do academic institutions and researchers envision and perform dissemination to extra-academic audiences in an open world? How are open archiving and preservation objectives designed, with what infrastructure, and how are they intertwined with intellectual property issues? How are the problems of misconduct, error and fraud considered in relation to openness? How are the questions, central to STS, of material contributions and attribution processes in research and science, disrupted by openness? How institutions try to change the “publish or perish” frame into an open, based on narratives, evaluation.

The panel welcomes empirical and theoretical works in STS as soon as the focus is on open science. We expect contributions about all disciplines, countries, and types of objects, as the literature has already shown the diversity of openness practices.

Accepted papers: