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The intention of this roundtable is to scrutinize the localities and temporalities of carceral states, the notions of sovereignty and authority they hinge on, and resistance they produce. Drawing on close ethnographic explorations from across the world, we consider the intimate challenges they pose.
Over the past two decades, incarceration rates have increased heavily across the 'developing' world, while migrant detention has surged upon the levelling of incarceration rates in much of Europe and the United States. As those targeted for confinement continue to come disproportionately from historically impoverished and marginalized sectors, this has effectively meant that concerns for 'national' or 'citizen security' much serve to mask (or enhance) practices of criminalization, containment, confinement, and social relegation rather than promote inclusion and community-building. Yet we contend they have also intended to delegitimize particular forms of resistance and dissent. This roundtable is concerned with how these 'criminalized Others' experience and deal with the divergent yet ever-expansive forms of confinement imposed on them. How do state agents enact exclusionary, punitive, or what might be seen as 'new' authoritarian agendas? How might these be resisted or subverted? Taking these together, the intention of this roundtable is to scrutinize the localities and temporalities of expanding 'carceral states', attached notions of authority and the resistance and dissent they produce. Building on close ethnographic explorations from across the world, we aim to interrogate and discuss how differing techniques and practices of confinement shape and are shaped by the search for, or denial of, justice and inclusion. **Given the ways in which the Covid-19 pandemic has exacerbated these issues, we also include reflections on the pandemic contexts of confinement.** Speakers (in order of appearance): Hanne Worsoe, Ana Ballesteros, Julienne Weegels, Carolina Boe & Ulla Berg.