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A comparative perspective on transnational networks in two world regions -- the Americas and Europe -- on emerging migratory patterns in contexts of climate change, chronic underemployment and social violence, hyper-nationalism and conflicting regimes of migrant integration.
This panel aims to focus on changing migratory patterns in contexts of climate change, chronic underemployment, food insecurity, and social violence in the Americas and Europe. Particular emphasis will be placed on the intersectionality of neoliberal economic institutions and policies, deterioration of rural food production, and families as well as individuals seeking political refuge but facing instead hyper-nationalism, very low niches of employment as well as conflicting regimes of migrant integration among the receiving states. A comparative perspective on transnational networks in Europe (e.g. from Ukraine to Poland, Moldavia to Italy) and the Americas (e.g. from Venezuela to Colombia, Central America to the US) will stimulate new insights into factors generating contemporary migratory patterns. The panel explores how transnational families in sequential migration frame their lives in particular migratory contexts; how migrants maintain networks for the circulation of social capital and social remittances; how they foster social citizenship as denizens within host countries; and how they adopt cultural citizenship as facets of political engagement. Both global environmental crisis due to climate change and the increasing scale and pace of transnational migration require multilateral policies and decision-making practices, yet many nation-states appear to be retreating from international cooperation in the face of environmental and social changes that are reaching unprecedented and possibly even unmanageable levels. This panel will provide a step in the direction of a more broadly comparative, global understanding of migratory patterns in two world regions of key importance.