Restore natures: ecology and the compositions of time between humans and non-humans in the brazilian Atlantic Forest
Paper short abstract:
This work will discuss the scientific field of ecological restoration and its implications for the composition of new relationships between humans and non-humans in a period marked by climate unpredictability.
Paper long abstract:
This work will discuss the scientific field of ecological restoration and its implications for the composition of new relationships between humans and non-humans in a period marked by climate unpredictability. Described as the passage of reforestation without scientific grounds for an practices based on concepts and ecological theories, ecological restoration should be considered also a political response to an ecological crisis (loss of biodiversity). It is located around two central issues about how to re-build the nature and how to change society. It would mark an innovation through active prospect of production of new relationships between humans and nonhumans. Discussions coming of anthropology and sociology field point out, in the first case, the existence of a multi-naturalism (which prevent us to consider nature as a given universal) and in the second case the constructive character of science over nature (which require show practice of delimitation). Using input from both disciplines show that the analysis of ecological restoration requires the use of an alternative notion of nature that highlights his compositional character. The change of "balance in nature" paradigm for the "flow of nature" will transform the environmental policies construction so as to imply a deep reflection in the field about the distinctions between nature and culture that will culminate in notions as "neoecosytem" and "landscape of reference" . In this sense these scientists moved from a past reference of an untouched nature in favor of a notion of mixed temporalities marked by unpredictability and constant openness to new compositions.
Ecosystem as concept, legacy, and (sustainable) futures