Environmental change can have huge impacts on gender relations, which are framed by diverse concepts and theories. We invite contributions that include analysis of recent empirical work and/or focus more generally on theoretical considerations on the nexus of gender and nature.
Environmental change as the increasing exploitation of natural resources leads to far reaching transformations of the environment and local livelihoods. All these transformations (re)produce in manifold ways economic, political and social inequalities. Men and women sometimes possess different environmental knowledge, gender plays a crucial role for determining access to and control over natural resources in some societies and it often influences how men and women get incorporated into new labor systems. Environmental change and related changes of traditional economic systems and social structures can thus lead to new (self)concepts of gender identities, gender roles, work activities, control, responsibilities, inclusions and exclusions of men and women.
The gender-nature-culture nexus has long been a major concern in Anthropology. Ecofeminist approaches, meanwhile heavily criticized in academia but still prevalent in the field of practice, related the oppression of women and the exploitation of nature to patriarchal-capitalistic domination. Researches focusing on female power centers and masculinities contrast this perception of the universal and essential oppression of women. Feminist Political Ecology broadens the scope of analyses on global and local power relations, the increasing commodification of natural resources and seeks to elaborate the role and agency of women. In the wake of the constructivist turn, nature and bodies are seen as products of discourses and materiality has become extremely volatile. Inspired by an increasing academic interest in materiality in recent years, the materiality of natural products and male/female bodies are more and more included in current research on environmental change.