This panel will explore the extent to which the concepts of collaboration and cooperation can aid to explore the nuances and complexities of everyday life linked to heritage sites and protected areas.
This panel will explore the extent to which the concepts of collaboration and cooperation can aid to explore the nuances and complexities of everyday life linked to heritage sites and protected areas. Researchers have in the last decades made significant strides in researching heritage as social process, shedding light on the existing diversity not only of heritage actors or stakeholders but of understandings of heritage itself. However, this diversity has often been employed as a counterpoint to normative understandings of heritage that anthropologists often address from the perspective of those written out of it. The fact of divsersity or difference -- compounded with the reality of hegemony and the exercise of power -- has been often equated with or invoked in a bipolar frame of conflict. The aim of this panel is to point to the limits of such a frame and to ask whether the concepts of collaboration and cooperation can open up new analytical and methodological spaces for researching multiplicity in heritage practice. Focusing on collaboration and/or cooperation does not imply idealizing diversity nor turning a blind eye to inequality, hierarchies, structurally conditioned sites of tension, ambiguity or power. We are interested in discussing how a nuanced approach to cooperation can aid us in studying the introduction of new forms of management at heritage sites (such as community inclusion projects), tracing shifts in configurations of power in heritage landscapes and their implications for existing stakeholders, and the potential and limits of voice for heritage actors in diverse contexts.