Accepted Paper:

The structure of anthropological research: a phenomenological hermeneutics  

Author:

Gheorghita Geana (Academia Romana)

Paper short abstract:

Actually, my tentative is to describe and interpret the phases of an anthropological research in phenomenological terms as these were established by Brentano, Husserl, and Heidegger, namely: pre-science, intentionality, phenomenological reduction, eidetical reduction, and intersubjectivity.

Paper long abstract:

Undoubtedly, the phenomenological doctrine exerted a fruitful influence over the various domains of human knowledge along the twentieth century. I have in view such scientific disciplines as psychology, sociology, linguistics, aesthetics, or the study of religions. Particularly significant from the wiewpoint of the mirroring in phenomenology is the discipline of anthropology. In this paper I present a structural model of a classical anthropological research, starting with the fieldwork and ending with the assimilation of ethnographical text by (in Kuhn's terms) the "scientific community" of anthropologists. Actually, my tentative is to describe and interpret the phases of an anthropological research in phenomenological terms as these were established by Brentano, Husserl, and Heidegger, namely: pre-science, intentionality, phenomenological reduction, eidetical reduction, and intersubjectivity. Some of these phases (intentionality, as well as the two types of reduction) may be generally detected in any science, but the special relationship - based on participant observation - between the epistemic subject and its object of study confers on anthropology a singular phenomenological nimbus.

Panel W087
Phenomenological anthropology as research method: debating the pre-textual basis of ethnographic fieldwork