This panel explores the pedagogical, literary and commercial aspects of the interaction between European Jesuits and their influences in sixteenth and early seventeenth century Japan.
The long sixteenth Christian century has been the period of major interaction between European religious men of various orders and merchants with the Japanese. This panel's presentations reassess the above mentioned interaction by investigating less known events and works that took place and that were produced in that period. Dr. Cabral Bernabè analyzes the early method of conversion brought about by the Jesuit Marco Jorge and its original differences with the Doctrina that was actually adopted by 1590s. From an historic viewpoint Dr. Marino engages in the reappraisal of the interpreter par excellence Rodriguez Tçuzzu, as an historian of Japan, by examining an unpublished work of Rodriguez and his own interpretation of the conversion work performed by Spanish missionaries in Japan. The Jesuits as other European religious orders became mediators between the Japanese and European merchants, the word "mediators" is an understatement, in fact the Jesuits converted to Christianity the top layers of Japanese society including their mercantile elite. Their commercial interactions are analyzed by Dr. Petrucci's presentation of Matteus de Couros' denial of supporting the Toyotomi regime at the Battle of Osaka Castle, by reinterpreting in economic terms the accusation of Maruyama Tōan Antonio against Suetsugu Heizō João both Nagasaki Harbour's officials who had deep connections with European religious orders such as Jesuits and Dominicans. The investigations offered by this panel bring to the fore new problematic and further questions on a major period of interaction and transformation in the history of Japan.