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Accepted Paper:

The Urgency of Legal Protection for Online Transportation Service Drivers as Informal Workers to Implement Gender-Inclusiveness in the Cities in Indonesia.  
Nadhif Fadhlan Musyaffa (Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta)Latif Adiatma Habibi (Universitas Gadjah Mada)

Paper short abstract:

Forming the legal protection for online transportation service drivers in Indonesia has an important role in encouraging more women to work as many as men with they feel safe in the scope of income and protection. This can bridge gender-inclusivity for a sustainable future.

Paper long abstract:

Globalization and technology development have increased the use of digital technology, especially in Indonesia. The use of digital technology is rapidly changing the existing industry. One of the industries that have seen the most visible changes is the transportation service, which has been changing from conventional to online service.

The fundamental innovation in this online industry is in the use of digital technology that allows it to reach a wider market and business partners in the form of passenger, food, and shopping delivery. This innovation encourages inclusivity in the scope of gender because the business partners encourage women to work as partners as same as men. But, practically, especially in the cities, there is still gender disparity among the drivers. It means that the comparison percentage of men drivers and women drivers is still lame. In addition, the bargaining power that those online transportation service companies have is very high causing more marginalization towards women drivers. This happens because of the non-existence of legal protection for the drivers that cause the inclusivity decrease among genders. Legal protection is needed in terms of minimum wage, partners, and protection from sexual-harassment. Legal protection can make women empowered and safe. Furthermore, this can reduce the bargaining power that the companies have. So that, there will be more women as drivers, and reduce the gender disparity. This can maintain the existence of workers in the informal scope that has been a part of city development for a sustainable future.

Panel P28a
Inclusive Futures for Informal Workers in Cities in the Global South I