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Paper short abstract:
The paper offers critical insights into the barriers faced by informal working women in accessing the amenities and services of cities by studying their everyday mobility, in Kochi city in Kerala, India.
Paper long abstract:
Freedom of movement and access in cities are generally designed considering ethnic majorities- heterosexual, able-bodied men (Hidayati et al., 2010). Studies show that women make more complex movements than men for fulfilling their responsibilities (Whitzman, 2013). However, due to lack of access to various amenities and services in everyday life in cities, women in urban areas are not as equally benefited as men. Access is one of the important parameters to consider while planning for inclusive cities. In this paper, we explore the barriers due to lack of access in cities by examining the factors affecting the everyday mobility of women. Using a case study of Kochi city in Kerala, India, the study investigated the diverse factors which impact the mobility of informal working women. We conducted a systematic review of literature on the subject to identify a set of initial factors that affect the everyday mobility of women in cities. Field studies include Interviews with key stakeholders, participant observation and mobility mapping. We intend to develop a socio-spatial framework embedding intrinsic factors (individual attributes such as age, income, marital status) and extrinsic factors (spatial and urban planning attributes such as residing location, public transport availability and affordability, gender-inclusive design features, safety features, etc.) and access. The framework helps to understand the relative importance of each factor, thereby aiding planners to identify the areas of intervention for effective gender-sensitive interrelationships planning and design.
Inclusive Futures for Informal Workers in Cities in the Global South I