Accepted paper:

Inclusive structural change: case study on innovations in breeding practices in Kenya

Authors:

Amrita Saha (IDS, University of Sussex)
Jodie Thorpe (Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex)

Paper short abstract:

Using a case study of innovation pathways in breeding practices in the Kenyan dairy sector, we study how innovations in specific contexts lead to adoption, diffusion and upgrading, and further to structural change and inclusion or exclusion of marginalised groups.

Paper long abstract:

Innovation, accompanied by structural change, is at the heart of economic growth and development. Yet there is limited evidence to understand interactions between innovation, structural change and inclusion in the context of low-income and emerging countries, or how these processes best support sustainable and inclusive societies. Through a case study of innovation pathways in breeding practices in the Kenyan dairy sector, we study how innovations in specific contexts lead to adoption, diffusion and upgrading, and further to structural change and inclusion or exclusion of marginalised groups. The case study unpacks the conditions for these outcomes by identifying key variables, actors and interactions that shape the innovation pathways. We find that capabilities is a key variable. In particular, we find that inclusiveness and structural changes impact successive phases of innovations through 'reinforcing' or 'balancing mechanisms', operationalised by the impact of innovation on capabilities. Other factors include the presence of interrelated innovations, power relations between actors, and the role of institutions (formal and informal). The Kenyan case suggests parallel non-competing innovation pathways. Findings from the case provide the basis of future primary research on inclusive structural change.

panel B1
Inclusive innovation for development: what inclusion for a fairer future? [paper]