This panel focuses on the interactions among social protection schemes or between them and economic interventions. In particular, it aims to investigate the joint effects of these programs on different dimensions of poverty and on inequality in low- and mid-income countries.
Social protection schemes play a crucial role for inequality and poverty reduction. For example, they can reduce inequality by helping people to better engage in productive activities and, through this channel, increase employment opportunities. However, social protection programs are unlike to influence these productive outcomes in a sustainable manner if they are not part of a broader strategy, or if they are not connected with other social and/or economic policies. This is true even for large programs in Latin America, such as nationwide conditional cash transfers. Recent evidence shows, for example, that cash transfers are unlikely to improve nutrition when they are not linked with nutrition education programmes or micronutrient supplementation to children and women. Similarly, Brazil and other countries have adopted a holistic strategy for poverty eradication, linking social assistance to labor market activation policies and other productive interventions. This panel intends to focus on (i) the interactions among different social protection schemes; (ii) or between them and other economic interventions. In particular, it aims to investigate whether these programmes have relevant joint effects on monetary and non-monetary dimensions of poverty, as well as on inequality and related dimensions. The final objective is to understand whether joint interventions, which in some cases are not systematically linked, can generate benefits that are larger than the sum of individual interventions. This has been hardly explored in the empirical literature. The panel welcomes empirical, case-study analyses from different low- and middle-income countries, as well as cross-country studies.