Donor responses to insecurity and global inequalities (Paper)

Ivica Petrikova (Royal Holloway, University of London)
Melita Lazell (University of Portsmouth)
C: Development cooperation and Humanitarianism
Start time:
29 June, 2018 at 9:00
Session slots:

Short abstract:

This panel explores whether and how donor interventions reflecting the securitization of development reduce or exacerbate global inequalities. Further, it examines whether short-term aid programmes undermine sustainability at the expense of donors' security priorities.

Long abstract:

Western countries have over the past two decades increasingly linked global development with their own national interests and security outcomes in their discourse (Duffield, 2002). This discourse has been shown to affect donors' aid distribution patterns, primarily by inspiring an increased provision of aid to directly conflict-related activities at the expense of aid aimed at addressing the root causes of conflicts (Petrikova and Lazell, 2017; Spears, 2016). The aim of this panel is to examine whether and how donor interventions in developing countries that reflect the securitization of development reduce or exacerbate global inequalities, economic as well as gender and horizontal (ethnic, racial…) in aid-recipient countries. Existing evidence suggests that aid initiatives focused on donors' national security priorities tend to be geared predominantly towards short-term goals and hence may undermine the sustainability of development outcomes and potentially worsen existing inequalities. At the same time, their explicit aims sometimes include the reconciliation or amelioration of existing inequalities and thus might actually lessen them. This panel seeks contributions that explore the links between donors' security interests and existing inequalities within aid-recipient countries as well as the effects of donors' securitized aid programming specifically and securitized understanding of development more generally on recipients' sustainable development outcomes and existing inequalities, whether theoretically or through empirical studies. We also welcome articles investigating the policy making processes and institutional mechanisms underlying donors' decisions to link development programming with national security interests and the integration of security-inspired development decisions and strategies with programming focused on addressing inequalities.