This panel focusses on the complex interrelationships between multifaceted inequalities, at various levels, and environmental degradation, and how such relationships are mediated by governance initiatives. The panel aims for a diversity of papers approaching this topic from multiple perspectives.
Processes of environmental degradation in the Global South, such as land use change in forests or coastal ecosystems, overfishing, groundwater exploitation or climate change, can create or reinforce social, cultural, political and/or economic inequalities. Likewise, multifaceted inequalities in societies from individual or group levels up to national scales, can influence the form and outcomes of environmental degradation. The relationship between inequalities and environmental degradation can be mediated by institutions; policies; macro, meso and micro social and political processes; the uneven presence of state and non-state actors etc. It becomes especially important to analyse these complex interwoven processes in the context of the UN Sustainable Development Goals, as policies and practices could demand trade-offs between reducing inequality and halting degradation, or indeed create win-wins. This panel welcomes papers which examine aspects of the complex interrelationships between multifaceted inequalities, both vertical and horizontal or group-based, and environmental degradation and/or access to natural resources, or governance initiatives and practices which directly or indirectly affect such relationships. Various frameworks could be employed such as environmental justice, law, political ecology, political economy, economics or institutional analyses. Group-based inequalities could be assessed among ethnic, racial, and communal groups in an integral effort to understand its linkages, causes and consequences with environmental degradation. The panel will create a space for dialogue between scholars and practitioners exploring these questions using different frameworks and with diverging theoretical or empirical foci. The panel is organised by the DSA Environment, Natural Resources and Climate Change Study Group.