The face of social inequality and contemporary slavery: an analysis of access to public policies by the black population in São Paulo
Alessandra Medeiros (Tribunal de Justiça/UNIFAI)
Paper short abstract:
The article is based on the discussion of indicators presented in the Oxfam Brazil Report (2017) under a racial view - "The distance that unites us", after the disclosure of the Map of Social Inequality - of Nossa São Paulo Movement, which analyzes the city of São Paulo, the largest in the country.
Paper long abstract:
According to the report, Brazil is a country that concentrates income, with the 3rd worst Gini index in Latin America and the Caribbean. It also cites the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Human Development Report, and Brazil is the 10th most unequal country in the world. 80% of the Brazilian population - 165 million Brazilians - live with a per capita income of less than 2 monthly minimum wages. In 20 years, blacks' income rose only from 45% of whites' income to 57%, and if the rate of inclusion of blacks is to be kept in the period, the average income of the black population will only become equal to that of whites in 2089. Therefore, this paper aims to review the process of slavery historically occurred in Brazil and to what extent we find in São Paulo districts remnants of that period, since we see a greater concentration of brown and black people in territories deprived of access to policies current public services. A first survey conducted by the IBGE (2010) indicates that more than 50% of the resident population is black and brown in 15 districts of the city, all of them peripheral and of extreme social vulnerability. The theoretical basis of this article will be the analysis of the public services found in these districts, where the majority of the city's black population resides, the formation of these places from the perspective of Authors such as SANTOS (1993 and 2001), KOGA (2009), FREYRE (1933), SOUZA (2018) etc.
Diaspora communities: past and present history(ies)