LUSO-BRAZILIANISM AND PAN-HISPANISM: COMPLEMENTARY OR COMPETITIVE STRATEGIES?
Sérgio Campos Matos
(Universidade de Lisboa)
Paper short abstract:
In the late 19th century and early decades of the twentieth century Luso-brazilianism and Pan-hispanism were two cultural and political strategies of strengthening Portugal and Spain in the international context. How did these two trends lived with one another?
Paper long abstract:
In the late 19th century and early decades of the twentieth century Portuguese and Spanish elites intended to strengthen cultural and political ties with the American nations, their former colonies. These intentions are well evident during the IV centenary of the voyage of Columbus (1892) in conducting a series of scientific congresses (v.g. the Hispano-Português-Americano) or later at the first centenary of the independence of Brazil (1922). In 1923 the idea of a federation between Portugal and Brazil was discussed in small circles. By that time, António Sardinha and his friends Integralistas Lusitanos exposed an hispanist proposal which would have an echo in Spain. How did Republican intellectuals positioned themselves at this regard? Were Luso-Brazilianism and Pan-Hispanism complementary or rather competitive cultural strategies? Or were they no more than utopias?
For an archeology of cultural diplomacy (1822-1922): comparing Portuguese and Brazilian nineteenth century international policies regarding cultural heritage.