For many people and civilizations, it was «the challenge of the Mediterranean» which pushed them «to a destination from which they could not escape». And «this challenge can also be a gift».
The Mediterranean was the great sea of Antiquity. And its waters, symbol of a changing world, allowed many men - Egyptians, Phoenicians, Greeks, etc. - to find and to recognize themselves in their particularities. Later, Rome, which in just three centuries redesigned the world, ensured that the messages of the early times - of Egyptian, Phoenician and Greek spaces - penetrated this world. It added others - law and religion - and thus it was shaped Western civilization, which is Roman and Greek, but it is also African and Oriental, via a river whose waters "drew" the history of the world.