Ideological narratives, evaluation and representation of the Georgian Soviet literature of the 30s-50s of the 20th century
(Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University)
Beginning of XX century was distinguished by many important and outstanding events the majority of which undoubtedly greatly affected the mentality of modern people and formation of values. After 25 February 1921, in annexed Georgia appeared Soviet society which had to start existence in specific conditions, so for the cause was developed a plan for "taming" the society and intelligenzia, while opposition from them was quite strong. The Soviet authorities understood the power of art and literature so writers were given the function in human life - to build totalitarian empire; that is why the role of the writer and literature was quite extensive in the formation of Soviet era mentality. In the process of my research I worked on the archival data, collected the research issues, in order to create the representative empirical data-base on the background of the theoretical overview of the already published academic articles. My research topic is the "laborer poet" created by the Soviet era. The given facts are analyzed in an unique and interesting way in the context that these two words laborer and poet contract with each other initially. As a result of the historical stage, the new psycho-type was created, having leading role in the Soviet system ideology space, as the appearance of the laborer poet phenomenon is related to the Soviet system, which has turned factories into the centers of creative processes. Our report is focused on Georgian laborer poets, there have been multiple illustration facts and examples of how a laborer takes the pen together with his tools and acts as a writer. Main goal of our research is to study and analyze the ideological discourse as a phenomenon based on the currently archived, "dusted" material. Materials obtained by us clearly show the position of the given part of society; how they took the function of certain ideological and national leaders and how honest their viewpoints were. Methodological basis of our research are the works by classics of literature science, philosophy, cultural sciences, sociology, anthropology, ethnology and synergetic sciences, theoretical-methodological approaches and concepts, theory of unity and diversity of cultural-historic process, multicultural society theory, acculturation and assimilation theory. Concepts of cultural pluralism, cultural diversity, tolerance, marginality and ethno-cultural security have been used and analyzed.
Soviet and Post-Soviet Literature