Gender and remittances: Evidence from the Kyrgyz Republic
(Ala-Too International University)
Zhibek Kenzhebaeva (Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University)
Studies on the remittances to Kyrgyzstan usually examine mode of expending but not determinants, that are mostly gender-specific. This article assesses the importance of gender to explain a migrants' remitting behavior based on panel study data "Life of Kyrgyzstan of 2013 wave". In this research, the model offered by Manuel Orozco, B. Lindsay Lowell, and Johanna Schneider was applied. Firstly, we build the profile of male and female migrants by individual and household characteristics. Further, we analyze the determinants of the remittances. Our results indicate that durability of migration is significant for male migrants' remittances: the longer men have been sending money, the more they remit. We do not find a clear evidence that education and accumulation of migration experience had influenced on the remittances of female migrants. This finding may be explained partly by unequal access to opportunities of labor market in destination in terms of occupational attainment. Therefore, return to human capital for men and women may differ, but this hypothesis requires verification.
Migration and Identity