Authors:Tiluttoma Baruah (Cotton College, Assam)
Paper short abstract:
Women of India has been transformed many folds from the Ancient period following Medieval period, Pre-Independence, and Post-Independence to the present Smart India. There are several advantage and disadvantages of Smart India which can be discussed in this panel.
Paper long abstract:
Since women of urban areas as well as of rural areas are achieving their goals day by day but on the other side, still, they are facing many psychological, economical, gender discrimination, domestic violence due to dowry or for some other reason, health issues, sexual harassment, trafficking etc. Socioeconomic status is a major determinant of health. In high-income societies, non-communicable diseases predominate in the 10 leading causes of death. By contrast, in low-income societies, maternal and perinatal conditions and communicable diseases are prominent and account for over 38% of total female deaths. The adverse impact on health of low socioeconomic status is compounded for women by gender inequities. Social attitude to the role of women lags much behind the law. The attitude which considers women fit for certain jobs and not others, cause prejudice in those who recruit employees. Working women are often subject to sexual harassment either in their offices or in public transports. Again, the health of older women varies significantly from culture to culture and country to country. Because women tend to marry older men, and because women usually live longer, many older women will be widows. In most cases, they adjust both emotionally and financially to their changed situation. Trafficking is also a leading problem which includes exploitation of girls. Whereas talking about the health issues, although men are just as likely to be infertile as women, their female partners are more often stigmatized and blamed when couples fail to produce offspring.
Status of women in South Asia: changes and challenges