This panel proposes the reflexion about the anthropological research that is built on the base of feminist and queer theories, feminist and LGBTQ movements, pioneer women inanthropology on several national contexts of anthropological production.
Even if from the begging of the 20th century the observation of sexuality and the role of women on different societies was already part of some anthropological investigations, it was only in the late 1960s that the questions of gender and sexuality started to occupy an important role within the discipline. It was because of the emergence of "new feminist movements" in the 1970s and 1980s that the anthropological research on gender relations had an important shift and took a central role grace to the influence of such movements of feminist theory on Anthropology. It was made possible by the presence of one generation of woman that participated actively at the struggles for gender equality. With all that the feminist anthropology was developed inside the greater field of Anthropology. At the 1990s and 2000s it was time for the self-called "queer theories" that provoked anthropological theory on questions linked to sexuality. Those questions were made on the revision of "classical" anthropological work about sexual practices and new anthropological fieldworks. Being in majority activists, the LGBTQ researchers brought new reflexions to traditional anthropological domains such as to kinship and the study of homo-parenting and marriage between same sex couples. Likewise they also brought a new view on the identity theories, dear to the structuralist perspective, which were also shaken by current work on transsexual and non-binary people and identities.