This panel wants to tell relations with the living landscape, his crossing or change, of two ancestral cultures: the pastoral nomadic and sedentary agriculture.How the different baggage of knowledge can contribute to building a new ecological approach.
The culture of nomadic herders contains distinctive elements than the sedentary agriculture and it has a different mode of cohabitation with the living landscape that crosses. The nomad has a multiform adaptation and constantly changing towards nature; the farmer has a different vision of the stable place that attempts to domesticate. This Panel wants to explore both dimensions, highlighting the adaptive mechanisms, the contrasts and the resilience that characterize the two cultures. In particular the panel will discuss whether the movement of nomadic herders could create conflicts when enters into a relationship with the static nature of agricultural production, will be investigated the possible choices of the two cultural groups regarding ecological aspects, landscape, the level of sustainability of productive practices adopted. The Panel will highlight the cultural background of the two groups in relation to the perception of the living landscape, to his crossing, adaptation or use, to traditions and innovations in the use of paths or different cultivation practices, the method of construction and transfer of knowledge, the identification of sustainable development practices that can defend the landscape and environment in both figures (nomads and sedentary) and how they can afford to survive the climate, economic and social changes. Can local knowledge and the relationship with the transit or permanence in the landscape of both culture face the common threats and find in the agroecological vision new answers? This panel will be interdisciplinary and is open to a confrontation between anthropologists, archaeologists, scholars of sustainability and biodiversity.