The Post-colonial period of South Asia noticed remarkable socio-political changes. Issues of partition, displacement and migration emerged as the prime factor with noticeable changes to their social structure and social relations. Changes over their economic organization were also noticed.
South Asia is a rich zone of ethnic and cultural diversity, along with its diversified geographical landscape. The entire region after the post-colonial period noticed remarkable socio-political changes like the partition of India and the formation of other nations. Its consequences have resulted in the displacement and migration of huge sections of the population. Such displacement may have generated some serious impacts on their social structure, social organization and social relations. Further due to displacement a big question has emerged on their settlement, national identity and economic security. Even huge sections of population from Nepal and Bhutan have migrated to India for economic reasons. On the other hand, issues as the economy, livelihoods and cultural perspectives of different indigenous groups, of the regions absorbing migrants, also pose new emerging challenges. Thus in the context of Post-colonial to contemporary South Asia, some major questions are emerging. What are the social and political effects of these migrations? How can fundamental human rights be assured in such circumstances? What does migration mean for economic, cultural and environmental security along with other emerging problems? Whether such issues are generating some other social problems? In this Panel, these issues will be examined from multiple South Asian perspectives with cross cultural analysis.