This panel seeks to find the intersections between informality, (im)mobilities and transnationalism across the internal and external European borders
Work or family-related mobilities have been strongly fostered, at least within Europe, by the process of European integration. Indeed, according to Eurostat (2018) there are 19,3 million of EU citizens residing in a country different from the one they were born in. Whilst in the case of highly-qualified labour mobility is dealt with relatively little complications and minimal bureaucracy, a great majority of transnational activities, connections, linkages, positions and belongings across national borders (Dahinden 2017) generated a higher informality, here defined as activities that happen outside the controlling, or coercing, presence of one or more states, or their institutions. However, whilst there is a good body of literature on migration-related issues, mobility −broadly conceived− has been relatively understudied.
Within this context of increased mobility (within Europe but also to and from Europe), even a fairly well regulated framework as the EU one is likely to unveil inequality, or at least social, or economic, unevenness (Glick-Schiller and Salazar, 2013). Informality may be regarded as a mechanism limiting or reversing the situation, enabling access to services, capital and opportunities for people who are formally excluded for a variety of reasons. We thus welcome contributions that can provide further empirical evidence on the existence, performance and persistence of informal practices, and/or explore the relationship between mobility and informal practices. Topics may include (non-exhaustive):
- Economy, employment, labour.
- Business practices
- Religious practices
- Legal issues
- Medical service and provision
- Care and education
- Social, economic or cultural integration