Env01
Climate change as a vector of migration and conflict in Africa

Convenors:
Felix Oyosoro (Obong University)
Stream:
Environment and Geography
Location:
David Hume, LG.11
Session slots:
2
Thursday 13 June, 8:45 - 10:30
Thursday 13 June, 10:45 - 12:30

Short abstract:

The current rate of climate change rising sea levels, shrinking of the Lake Chad Basin, melting glaciers, extreme variability in rainfall, increased frequency and intensity of storms confronts the African societies with novel scenarios: drought, desertification, land degradation and food insecurity.

Long abstract:

Climate change and it's effects on the global physical landscape are destabilising vulnerable regions like Africa and changing it's geopolitical landscape. However, Climate Change has not been traditionally considered as a source of conflict in Africa. The current rate of climate change - rising sea levels, shrinking of the Lake Chad Basin, melting glaciers, extreme variability in rainfall, increased frequency and intensity of storms - confronts the African societies with novel scenarios: drought, desertification, land degradation and food insecurity. These scenarios pave the way for massive migration and creates conflicts. According to the Peace Fund's Fragile States Index the Horn of Africa is home to some of the most vulnerable states in the world: Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Sudan and South Sudan. There are also several glaring evidence of a link between climate change and conflict - for example, clashes between farming and pastoral communities in Nigeria, caused by droughts and variability in water resources, themselves exacerbated by the current climate situation. This panel shall seek to create this awareness and create solutions for mitigation and adaptation so as aid and enforce resilience in African cities.