Juan Luis Ossa
(Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez)
Paper Short Abstract:
This paper examines the various forms taken by Chilean liberalism during the 1820s.
Paper long abstract:
This paper examines the various forms taken by Chilean liberalism during the 1820s. The origins of liberal ideas in Chile are to be found in the works of the so-called "liberal revolutionaries" of the period 1810-1830. Indeed, the analysis of the writings of men of letters like Camino Henríquez, Manuel de Salas, Juan Egaña, José Miguel Infante and Francisco Antonio helps us understand the development of key political concepts such as "social contract", "popular sovereignty", "representative government", "constitutionalism", "balance of power", "equality", "virtue" and "freedom". Given that these concepts are rooted indistinctively both in the "French" and the "British" Liberal Schools, the main objective of these pages is to account for the influence (direct, indirect or in opposition) played in Chile by the most re-known European and North American thinkers at the turn of the eighteenth and nineteenth century. Also, it seeks to define the links between liberalism and republicanism, emphasising that both traditions were not mutually exclusive as later studies have aimed to show.
New perspectives on political ideas and practices in post-independent Chile (1818-1830)