Accepted Paper:

Catholic enlightenment and religious rituals in Hungary (1760-1800)  

Author:

Dániel Bárth (Univ. Eötvös Lorand, Budapest)

Paper short abstract:

This paper examines the influence process of the idea of church enlightenment ("kirchliche Aufklärung") on Hungarian Roman Catholic church leadership, its lower clergy, and finally the faithful religious mentality and practice in the second half of the 18th century.

Paper long abstract:

This paper examines the influence process of the idea of church enlightenment ("kirchliche Aufklärung") on Hungarian Roman Catholic church leadership, its lower clergy, and finally the faithful religious mentality and practice in the second half of the 18th century.

Through the authors analysis - based upon archival sources - one can detect efforts aimed at the transformation of certain elements of sacraments and sacramentals. Beside rites of passage, special attention is given to the various ritual forms of pilgrimage and processions in the ritual year. This change in attitudes also exterminated the medieval and early modern variability of lesser rituals of everyday life (for example: benedictions) and the historical progress confined in the religious practice of exorcism as a common medical practice. Behind the process and the conflicts are different levels of remarkable changes in the mentality of the religious layers.

Panel Reli005
The transformation of traditional rituals: imposed change or natural evolution? (Ritual Year SIEF Working Group panel)