Accepted Paper:

Transformation processes in education of Udmurt children in the 20th century  


Olga Troshkina

Paper short abstract:

In the 20 century, there had been some tendencies in education system of children. Periodically it is possible to examine it as the traditional, soviet, and post-soviet periods. The paper proposes to discuss the changing and developing processes, their reflection on the education and the role in forming of children in the Udmurt society.

Paper long abstract:

Traditional upbringing had persisted in Udmurt families up to the second half of the 20th century.

The emergence of new trends for establishing kindergartens in the country has had an impact on both parenting methods and the development of the younger generation. The institutionalized approach and its forms were fundamentally different from the established and customary norms; the only thing that was preserved in its initial state was the mother tongue in monoethnic groups. Norms that were completely new were gradually introduced: children’s folk games and entertainment as well as related oral poetry, song-and-dance art, and musical art were replaced by the Soviet counterparts which more often than not had to be performed in a foreign language. Eventually, cartoons and feature films for kids became the spectacle of choice for preschoolers.

Transformation processes in the post-Soviet period started with an increasing pace. General policies and strict control over their implementation have receded into the background. Before long, the influx of migrants started which brought a new wave of foreign styles and fashion into the educational process; the exotic flavor was incorporated into the indigenous culture without much pretense. In recent years, there has been an attempt to restore some of the traditional ways of raising children in kindergartens.

The report will analyze the abovementioned tendencies, their impact on raising children of the younger generation, and their role in shaping the new generation in the Udmurt environment step-by-step.

Panel P34
The institutions and practices of nation building of Finno-Ugric minorities in Soviet and post-Soviet settings