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(University of Hyderabad, India)
Paper Short Abstract:
The proposed paper aimed to discuss various policies of state over forests and lands and analyses how the state policies affecting the tribals in India in general and also suggests alternative / positive policy measures for the well being of them in particular.
Paper long abstract:
India is a rich country in terms of natural resources and has anout 8.6 % (104 millions) of tribal population to the total population of the country, who have been living in the forest and hilly areas over generations, where enormous minerals and other natural resources existed. In order to boost economic growth and development, appropriate governments have been enacting and amending several policies related to forests and lands from time to time.
In order to utilise the minerals and other natural resources, states have been allowing private agencies to intervene in the forest and hilly areas which is creating multiple challenges for the indigenous communities especially concerning to their natural habitats, livelihoods and survival. This paper analyses how the state policies affecting to tribals in India in general and also suggests alternative / positive policy measures to safeguard the natural environments and livelihood concerns of indigenous people within their socio-cultural and economic perspectives.
Forests and the Indigenous Communities Worldwide through Ages: A Struggle for Survival