(Université Nanterre Paris Ouest la Défense)
Paper Short Abstract:
This communication is a methodological and theoretical reflection on the question of the existence of the visibles and invisibles beings based on daily individual follow-up.
Paper long abstract:
This communication is a methodological and theoretical reflection on the question of the existence of the visible and invisibles beings based on daily individual follow-up. I question the notion of "ontology" from the human beings point of view on animals, god, djinns, devils and angels in the small town of Chefchaouen in Morocco. The proposals of ontological schemas of P. Descola are confronted here to a methodological ontisme defined by A. Piette. Indeed, the passage of the schema to the individual in situation is problematic. The ontological schemas do not resist the ontography of the human beings. The contributions of an approach by the individual have at the same time a methodological and theoretical impact. By considering the individual both in the everyday nature of the situations following one another and the prism of the trajectories of shaping life, it is then possible to accentuate an experienced and observed reality without losing the attention on the commitment that theses individuals have from one situation to another in front of other humans, visible and invisible beings.
The individual in anthropology: a future paradigm in anthropology?