Accepted Paper:

German descendants children in southern Brazil, 1930-1945: a threat to the Brazilian nationality  

Author:

Aricle Vechia (Tuiuti University of ParanĂ¡ )

Paper Short Abstract:

In the period between 1930 and 1945 the education of children in Brazil experienced singular moments. The Nationalization Campaign undertaken by the government put the children who were German descendants as an object of ideological indoctrination and should be internalized concepts of Brazilianity.

Paper long abstract:

In the period between 1930-1945 the education of children in Brazil experienced singular moments. On the one hand the ideas of the New School were present in educational debates. On the other hand, with a different perspective, the government placed the German children descendant in the heart of an educational political-ideological project. During this period of nationalist and even fascist characteristics the children who were German descendants were considered as a threat to Brazilian nationality. It was necessary to erase the marks of their ethnic and cultural identity cultivated in German and German- Brazilian schools that were opened up by immigrant communities. The Nationalization Campaign undertaken by the government put these children as an object of ideological indoctrination and should be internalized concepts of Brazilianity. And aiming to infuse them the notion of Brazilian homeland, Brazil government used all the resources of primary school: curriculum, textbooks, teachers and civic celebrations.

Panel P053
Education in Latin America under ethnographic and ethnohistorical perspectives: past and future of schooling and child care (CLOSED - 7)