Paper short abstract:
In this paper, I discusses that Japanese indie musicians are in cooperation within the network of a variety of exchange. Those exchange is market-exchange and non market-exchange, and it makes a new relationship and a maintenance of the relationship.
Paper long abstract:
In this paper, I discusses that exchange networks of Japanese indie musician. In indie music, musician must such as work on their own. It is necessary that they have to go to the activity sustainably, individual musicians to extending the network to each other musicians and clubs. In that network, appearance, ticket, goods are exchanged. Those exchange makes a new relationships and a maintenance of the relationships. The reciprocity is used differently depending on the counterpart and the situation in the exchange, and they have a non-market exchange not only market exchange.And those exchange includes market-exchange and non market-exchange.
Anthropology of music, popular music scenes, performance practices and challenges of the present