Accepted Paper:

Cultural influence on the modernization of public Toraja ancestors: an anthropological study in Makale city, Tana Toraja, South Sulawesi, Indonesia  

Authors:

Andi Kustanto (University of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa)
Rokmatullah Ibn Rahman (University of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa)

Paper short abstract:

Cultural influence on the modernization of public Toraja ancestors: an anthropological study in Makale city, Tana Toraja, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Paper long abstract:

Toraja society is one of the tribes in South Sulawesi, which has a different culture specifically with other tribes in South Sulawesi. Toraja name originally given by the Bugis Sidenreng. Sidenreng people named residents of this area as To Riaja which means "He who dwells in the land above or mountains". There is also another version of the origin of that word Toraya To = Tau (people), Kingdom = from word Maraya (large), which means that the people are great, the nobility.

Culture that has evolved very recently in Tana Toraja has undergone modernization in various aspects to transform into Toraja culture known today. Various motives and factors driving a shift in the mindset of individuals who developed into the shift in mindset that led to the modernization of society. In chronological order, with unfavorable natural conditions and low economic level, adolescents tend to seek income Toraja in town and returned with a culture where she worked. Old cultural heritage Toraja tribe changed little by little through the various processes of modernization brought by the immigrants that. Most people still hold fast to the principle that the old culture and some choose to adapt to a change, this is what triggers conflict between groups of people. Modernization process is capable of changing the culture of Toraja society in terms of culture, the arts, both economic, livelihood, religion, language to the public system.

Keynote: Tana Toraja Tribe, Cultural Heritage, Modernization

Panel P141
Between innovation and tradition: ethnographies of change