Ashok Das Gupta
(University of North Bengal )
Paper Short Abstract:
This paper will focus on the aspect of culture survival of the local/indigenous/folk/marginalized peoples in this era of global market economy.
Paper long abstract:
Common people are often considered as pre-state primitive groups believing only in self-reliance, autonomy, transnationality, migration and ancient trade routes. They seldom form their ancient urbanism, own civilization and Great Traditions. Or they may remain stable on their simple life with fulfillment of psychobiological needs. They are often considered as serious threat to the state instead and ignored by the mainstream. They also believe on identities, race and ethnicity, aboriginality, city state, nation state, microstate and republican confederacies. They could bear both hidden and open perspectives. They say that they are the aboriginals. States were in compromise with big trade houses to counter these outsiders, isolate them, condemn them, assimilate them and integrate them. Bringing them from pre-state to pro-state is actually a huge task and you have do deal with their production system, social system and mental construct as well. And till then these people love their ethnic identities and are in favour of their cultural survival that provide them a virtual safeguard and never allow them to forget about nature-human-supernature relationship: in one phrase the way of living.
Here this whole thing is to be discussed in terms of the Sub-Himalayan Folk People of North Bengal including the Rajbanshis.
Indigenous people and their culture: struggle for identity and survival?