Accepted Paper:

Urban sprawl: a contextual difference between sustenance and sustainable development  


Amlan Ray (Spectrum Clinic & ERI)
Sweta Banerjee

Paper short abstract:

The paper analyses the fate of political reality of the government’s policy for sustainability of ecologically subsidized Kolkata against the prevention of urban sprawl in the Ramsar site (declaration under article 8 Ramsar Convention (Site No. 1208) of East Calcutta Wetlands) of 12,500 hectares.

Paper long abstract:

In a continued growth of urbanization, does the fate of human being offer newer thoughts to bring about new kind of legitimacy for planners for better standard of living? One line in rational thought leads to a political reality and government's policy to work out a series of alternative possibilities to centre around sustainability of ecologically subsidized Kolkata metropolis against the prevention of urban sprawl in the Ramsar site (declaration under article 8 Ramsar Convention (Site No. 1208) of East Kolkata Wetlands) of 12,500 hectares. Secondly, based on our observation, there is a paradigm shift of our own understanding about the everyday life of the wetland dwellers of East Kolkata under Ramsar site in the intra-generational context both from their own existence and justifying their work through the recycling of city's waste disposal.

Human populations are directly or indirectly benefited by wetland ecosystem goods (e.g. food) and services (e.g. waste assimilation), from functions of ecosystem. Wetland does have less importance in policy decision because of its failure in quantifying the ecosystem services by the planners.

The question of sustainability in the form of 'ecosystem services' and 'human capital services' encourages arguments is attributable to 'human welfare' and 'human habitat' probably justifying human rights in the new context of sustenance and sustainable development..

The paper concludes to stress the timely execution of legislation of East Kolkata Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Act, 2006 along with Ramsar declaration could shed positive result without jeopardizing the wetland biogeography of the world's most endangered place.

Panel P039
Anthropological perspectives on environmental change and sustainable futures (Commission on Anthropology and the Environment)