Author:Rudolf Yuniarto (Tokyo Metropolitan University)
Paper short abstract:
This paper discussing migrant relationships dimensions that are affected by the system of exchange of resources, determination of the rights and obligations, and mechanisms problem solving individually or group.
Paper long abstract:
In migration studies have regarded social networks as the key to understanding migration processes and considered as essential for the social mobility of migrants. Not only used as a strategic survival in the host country but the ways social networks may help them get resources to start businesses also. In socioeconomic perspectives, access to a cohesive social network tends migrants to spur entrepreneurship. They tend to form tight social networks both with local fellow or nationals fellow. These networks facilitated the entrepreneur's activity by providing capital, support (mentoring), knowledge (access to sufficient capital) and a reliable supply and customer base are often key factors in the decision to undertake an entrepreneurial endeavor. These networks can also make up for the fact that migrants often do not have the contacts and local understanding of regulations and culture doing business in host countries. Besides socioeconomic, as an anthropologist studies Indonesian migrant entrepreneurship in Taiwan, I also found other interesting and influenced network in the broad linkages, such as, systems of households, bands, lineages, communities, corporations, or governments, not only in the individual persons linked context. An Indonesian entrepreneur in Taiwan is generally formed a social network, both formal and non formal, based on personal or group networks, religion, ethnic or hometown in Indonesia, or association base in the city where they work, to build networks entrepreneurship. Previously, personal network entrepreneurship is getting so much attention network analysis to clarify the more complex wholes migrant network across borders.
Population movement and diasporic space: anthropological study on Chinese overseas in East and Southeast Asian countries