Author:Adi Prasetijo (Diponegoro University)
Paper short abstract:
This paper will focus on the adaptation of Orang Rimba toward the changes that they met. They change their lifestyle from hunting gathering to a sedentary. This paper will then discuss how Orang Rimba deal with these changes and how their future, to live without the forest.
Paper long abstract:
Orang Rimba is one of the hunter-gatherer groups in Indonesia. They are considered by the government as isolated people who are underdeveloped, poor, and isolated. They live in the remaining forest in Jambi, Indonesia. Their population is currently about 3,650 people spread across Jambi.
They relies on their live on forests. Forests not only work as a place to live to make a living but also as a source of their cultural values. Forests serve as the basis of their cultural identity. But in the 90s, Jambi changes. The conversion of forestland to the settlements and plantations was gone rapidly.This circumstance has led them to adapt to live without forest.
They began to change the pattern of their life to settle. The government also saw the life does not comply with the normal values that have to be adjusted to a standard like other ethnic groups. Therefore, they were driven to adjust to the resettlement program. The program not only drives them in physical action but culturally as well. They were required to follow the values and standards of living of other ethnic group.
This paper will focus to the adaptation of Orang Rimba toward the changes that they met. They change their lifestyle from hunting gathering to a sedentary. This change requires a change in behavioral, socio-cultural, and religious and their values. This paper will then be discussed how Orang Rimba to deal with these changes and how their future, to live without the forest.
Sedentarization and concentration among nomadic peoples (Commission on Nomadic Peoples/NME panel)