Indigenous food production system and the impact of population growth: community-based examples with anthropological evidences
A.H.M. Zehadul Karim
(International Islamic University Malaysia)
Paper short abstract:
We must find out some preventive mechanisms to keep our population at a replacement level. This will eventually allow us to revert back to our indigenous food production system, which seems to be essential for making the world more natural and habitable for future.
Paper long abstract:
It is reported that agricultural land which extracts food and cereals contains only 12 per cent of the total land which does not seem to be sufficient to cover the subsistence of a huge incumbent population. In this context, I formulate a clear statement that due to an excessive demographic pressure, the farmers around the world go for a mechanized cultivation by making an abrupt shift from their indigenous traditional food production system. The resulting effect is the degradation of the soil which keeps land fully dependent on chemical fertilizer and uncontrolled irrigation, putting the environment in a vulnerable situation. To exemplify this situation, the paper will incorporate ethnographic evidences in global context and to make it more intensive, the paper will include a few case studies from South Asian communities. Based on the above contention, I formulate a conclusive statement with a modest caution saying that we must find out some preventive mechanisms to keep our population at a replacement level.
Food and environmental security: the imperatives of indigenous knowledge systems