Reflection on Exhibit by Japan's War and Women Museum: Comfort Women or Sexual Slave?
Ga Wu (Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences)
Paper short abstract:
Based on these discussions, the paper believed that both the concept of “comfort women” and “sex slaves” should be kept in discussion but there should be a very distinctive division between the two definitions.
Paper long abstract:
Due to the impact strength of the United Nation, the topics of reflections on Japan's war have transformed from the "comfort women" to the "Sexual slavery". This important shift firstly occurred in 1996 when South Korea and the United States took the lead in changing its expression. Then the European Parliament, Canada and other countries endorsed the use of the concept of sexual slavery after 2007 and the Secretary of U.S., Hillary Clinton issued the country file with the concept of sex slaves in 2012, such a behavior affected global countries. However, it proposed led to protest from the Japanese government. After reviewing of current published research literature, the paper found that the Western readers re more familiar with the concept of sex slaves because there are already many existing literatures, paintings and photography which have delivered abundant data. However, such definitions of "sex slaves" may be irrelevant with the phenomenon of comfort women during the Second World War because the crimes involving sex slaves are more concerned with history in Ancient Roman or the Middle East. Reviewing those historical literatures will help us reflect on the anti-rationalism of comfort women. Based on these discussions, the paper believed that both the concept of "comfort women" and "sex slaves" should be kept in discussion but there should be a very distinctive division between the two definitions.
Japanese military sexual violence in Asian regions