Author:Aleksandra Tcareva (Saint-Petersburg State University)
Paper short abstract:
Performance virtually pervades institutions of public behavior. According to Turner man is a performing animal in a reflective way. Performance transforms and is transformed by everyday life. Successful performance represents the success of cultural representation transformating society and culture.
Paper long abstract:
Victor Turner mentioned in The Anthropology of Performance that man is a performing animal in a reflective way: in performing he reveals himself to himself but not necessarily to other people. Actions of cultural performance transform through culture into a conventionally understandable symbolic product. Performance virtually pervades all institution of public expressive behavior. It transforms and is transformed by everyday life. Cultural performance is frame behavior: it has specific rules to regulate behavior during performance which operate only as long as performance frame exists. Successful performance represents the successful accomplishment of cultural representation which results as transformations in society and culture.
As form of communication performance is obvious way to study human interaction. One of probable researching fields is live-action role-playing game (larp). It is improvisational history in real time and during this history all actors interact as fictional characters - as provided by the character's life-style, values etc but not player's. During the players interact by performance communication. The main difference from everyday interaction and social roles is that the player doesn't think the game role to be his or her personality. Respondent talking with researcher about his or her experience and actions in live-action role-playing game is more likely to be frank and open while discussing with the researcher his or her experience and actions in live-action role-playing game. So we have opportunity to find out latent aspects of communication which is produced through culture but isn't reflected by individuals consciously.
Indigenous knowledge and sustainable development (IUAES Commission on Indigenous Knowledge and Sustainable Development)