Movement, Mobility and Migration between the Euro-Atlantic and Eurasian Macro-Spaces. Romanians' Mobility and Migration
Ovidiu Laurian Simina
(West University of Timisoara)
Grigore Silasi (West University of Timisoara)
Paper short abstract:
Migration accompanies the movement of capital, revealing the disorders and inequalities of the world. By analysing the Euro-Atlantic vs. Eurasian macro-spaces, the paper pays attention to the disruption of migration trends, underlining the attraction and rejection patterns, in relation with movement of people and labour, Romania being case study.
Paper long abstract:
By debating the Euro-Atlantic vs. Eurasian macro-spaces, the paper pays attention to the disruption of migration trends, analysing the attraction and rejection factors of the two macro-spaces in relation with movement of people (dialog or confrontation?). The paper compares two macro-spaces, defined by demography, economy, science, trade, finance and competitiveness. EU should respond to three imperatives: necessity, effectiveness and legitimacy. Legitimacy is lost, efficacy very low, the Euro-Atlantic macro-space is eroded. The future belongs to regions with resources (oil, gas, minerals and workers): the Eurasian space is carrying the torch in the future perspective. An irreversible political and economic shift in global power from West to East was noted: the world economic centre was moved from Atlantic to Pacific. The attraction of Eurasia, with an increasing role in changing of migration dynamics and structure, is the second topic. The capital goes to Asia, bringing goods, and the workers follow. Eurasia attracts with the growing economy, and the population cannot drive against economic trends. In the same time, Eurasia has an increased interest in Europe. The third part discuss the Romania's position into wider Black Sea Area, between the Euro-Atlantic and Eurasian macro-spaces, belonging to and connecting the both, playground for confrontation of two contrary tendencies: attraction of the European values and the increasing of Asia's economy. Changing of world power centres influences the labour migration patterns in the Black Sea Area. Two case studies are presented in a mirror: migration of Romanians to Spain and the attractiveness of Far East.
Migration and the labour market: a comparative study between the EU and Asia (IUAES Commission on Enterprise Anthropology)