Impact of development schemes on quality of life of women: A case study of Chattisgarh, India
Ranju Hasini Sahoo
(IGN Tribal University ,Amarkantak)
Paper short abstract:
Chattisgarh, the state in central India having more than fifty per cent scheduled caste and scheduled tribe population has implemented different development schemes to improve quality of life of women. More attention has been given towards their health and education.
Paper long abstract:
The gender ratio has been steadily declining but the sex ratio in Chattisgarh is best in India ( 991 per 1000).The literacy rate of STs and SCs is better than the national average. Infant Mortality Rate by gender and resident wise reveals that girl children have higher death rate in both rural and urban areas. The Net State Domestic Product is 8.2, higher than national parameter. It has lowest HDI value (0.467) , lowest Health Index ( less than 0.127) , lowest standard of living ( income Index 0.127) and estimated poverty ratio in 2004-05 was 50 percent. It is also observed that women were still murdered for practicing witchcraft. The present paper analyses impact of various government schemes like Chief Minister's Kanya daan yojana for arrangement of mass marriage for the poor marriageable girls, Auysmati Yojana for free treatment of women of below poverty line, Dhanalaxmi Yojna to increase birth rate of girl children and to stop child marriage, Mahila Jagruti Sibir , the women awareness camp for awareness of legal rights, Datak Putri yojana for development of education of the girl children and to stop the school dropout, Shakti Swarupa Yojana for widow and divorcee to make them self dependent, Kishori Shakti Yojana for health of 11 to 18 years adolescent girls and supplementary nutrition food program of ICDS for pregnant and lactating mothers. Increase of standard of living is found in the field of health, education, and socio-economic status among women covered by development schemes.
The impact of development projects on the quality of life of women in rural and tribal societies